The Orthodox Jews of the Neturei Karta (“Guardians of the City”) believe that the true state of Israel cannot be established until the return of the Messiah. And “state” is actually a wrong word choice there. They not only believe today’s Israel is illegitimate, they do not even accept the concept of a Jewish state as being consistent with the Torah!
They consider Zionists to be usurpers of Judaism, and advocate the view that the Palestinians are rightful possessors of Israel’s land..
There’s some more history that I need to study, but this is not the only group who mentions that Zionism is a century-old movement only superficially interested in spiritual matters. Throw in the secularness of modern Israel and other circumstantial factors, the idea that Israel is far more a political than divine creation makes a lot of sense. Or, if you take the point of view that God is responsible for the state’s creation, it does not mean this state of Israel is the same Biblical Israel He made promises to.
Side note: to obtain the borders most traditionally accepted as granted by God (at least, in U.S. Baptist or similar type churches), Israel would need to conquer parts of Jordan, Syria, the Sinai (Egypt), and perhaps Lebanon.
More: About the Neturei Karta